How Calderdale towns and villages got their names and what they mean
There are many towns and villages in Calderdale and a number of them have very unusual names.
Where did they come from, how long have they been around and what do they mean? From Halifax to Hebden Bridge and Sowerby Bridge to Shelf here are the origins of Calderdale town and village names.
The name for Brighouse is thought to be Middle English and come from Bridge House and originates from a building on, or close to, the bridge over the River Calder. Brig is old dialect for bridge.
6. Hebden Bridge
The name for Hebden comes from the Anglo-Saxon Heopa Denu, meaning 'Bramble (or possibly Wild Rose) Valley' and also comes from the old bridge across the River Hebden on an old packhorse route.
It is thought the place name probably derives from the Anglo Saxon word 'Scelf', which is what it was called in the Domesday Book, which suggests a 'broad and level shelf of land'.
8. Sowerby Bridge
It is thought that Sowerby Bridge takes its name from the historic bridge which spans the river in the town centre. The name Sowerby, is made up from the Norse 'Sor' for sour and suffixed with 'by' representing a parished area.